When it comes to buying land in Canada, each province can have different characteristics, requirements and government regulations, so it is quite important to be advised by an expert land developer on the province, you will certainly need the guidance of a specialized one as the process needs legal documents and specific procedures that might seem difficult for someone without experience.
The process depends on the person who is interested, as it will be defined on if you are an immigrant or a Canadian resident. First you need to be aware of all the legal requirements for residents and nonresidents. If you are a resident, then you will follow the standard process but if you are nonresident then you must start with the immigration paperwork.
You must be very specific about the time that you will spend in Canada per year, if you will stay less than 6 months then the government considers you a nonresident, which means that you can still open a bank account and buy property, but if you plan to live in Canada for more than 6 months per year, you must apply for immigrant status.
It is important to note, however, that while most provinces have no restrictions on foreign ownership of land in Canada, some do limit the amount of this that a non-resident can purchase. Details about the number of acres that you can purchase depends on each province. It could seem like purchasing land is quite complicated, especially if it is your first time, so you need to contact a land developer expert.